Elizabeth Blackwell was born in Bristol, England, the third among nine other children. Her parents and family were firm believers in the Quaker religion where all women and men were equal in the eyes of God. The Blackwells made sure that all of their children received an equal education. After a difficult period during her childhood which included losing six sisters and two brothers and her father's sugar refinery burning down, the family immigrated to the United States in 1832.
Elizabeth, her two older sisters Anna and Marian, and their mother opened a private school in Cincinnati to support the family. Elizabeth became interested, after initial repulsion, in the topic of medicine and particularly in the idea of becoming a woman physician, to meet the needs of women who would prefer to consult with a woman about health problems. She said, "The idea of winning a doctor's degree gradually assumed the aspect of a great moral struggle, and the moral fight possessed immense attraction for me."
In 1847 she began searching for a medical school that would admit her for a full course of study and was soundly rejected by everyone except for one, and only one, school in New York called Geneva College. Apparently, the only reason she was accepted there was because the faculty and students thought the application was a hoax and therefore "jokingly" admitted her only to realize that yes, they were idiots. Elizabeth would graduate first in her class in 1849.
Unfortunately after a brief return to England and during a midwives course in La Maternite in Paris, she contracted a horrible infection and had to have one eye removed. She abandoned her plans to become a surgeon, but that certainly didn't stop her from practicing medicine. In 1851, Elizabeth Blackwell returned to New York, where hospitals and dispensaries uniformly refused her association. She was even refused lodging and office space by landlords, and she had to purchase a house in which to begin her practice.
In 1857, Elizabeth along with her sister Emily and another doctor, founded their own infirmary, named the New York Infirmary for Indigent Women and Children. During the Civil War, Elizabeth trained many women to be nurses and sent them to the Union Army. Unable to slow down for one second, Elizabeth began a year-long lecture tour of Great Britain. These lectures, and personal example, inspired several women to take up medicine as a profession.
Illustration advertising one of Elizabeth Blackwell's anatomical lectures.
After the war, Blackwell established the Women's Medical College at the Infirmary to train women physicians and doctors. She left her sister Emily in charge of the college in 1869 and returned to England. There, with Florence Nightingale, she opened the Women's Medical College. Blackwell co-created and taught at the London School of Medicine for Women and accepted a chair in gynecology. She was also the first female physician and doctor in the UK Medical Register.
During her retirement, Blackwell still maintained her interest in the Women's Rights Movement by writing lectures on the importance of education. She also published books about diseases and proper hygiene and was an early, outspoken opponent of female circumcision.
Quite a life, wouldn't you say? As if ALL this wasn't enough, I found online this great search-for-certain-hidden-objects game featuring the one and only Elizabeth Blackwell during her Geneva College days. Ah yes. Takes me back.
Can you find these objects?